International treaties or conventions are rules of law negotiated among a number of States to establish international standards regarding respect for intellectual property rights in each country. It is the responsibility of the countries involved to identify in their constitutions the competent authorities for conducting negotiations and ratifying treaties.
The proposed agreements relate to three areas:
- improving international co-operation;
- establishing better enforcement practices; and
- providing a more effective legal framework.
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) currently administers 21 international treaties, some of which have been signed and ratified by Canada.
Treaties in Force
- Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (In Force April 10, 1928)
- Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure (In Force September 21, 1996)
- Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (In Force June 12, 1925)
- Patent Cooperation Treaty (In Force January 2, 1990)
- Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations (In Force June 4, 1998)
- Strasbourg Agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification (In Force January 11, 1996)
- Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) Convention (In Force March 4, 1991)
- WIPO Convention (In Force June 26, 1970)
Treaties signed by Canada
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