Incorporation of a business at the federal level according
to the Canada Business Corporations Act.
Notification by the examiner that indicates this action
is the final one. A final action may be appealed to the Commissioner of
Patents, the Federal Court of Canada and to the Supreme Court of Canada.
Franchising is a method of doing business where a company
(sometimes even an individual) called a franchisor licenses its intellectual
property (e.g. its trade-marks, trade secrets, know-how) usually along
with its business methods to an individual called franchisee in exchange
for a fee. This business method allows the franchisor to expand and distribute
its products or services while giving the franchisee the opportunity to
operate his/her own business.
Searchers who provide intellectual property searching
services to the public in exchange for a fee.
A geographical indication is an indication, which identifies
that a wine or spirit originates from a territory where a quality, reputation
or other characteristics of the wine or spirit is essentially attributable
to its geographical origin. In Canada, geographical indications are also
listed on the List of Geographical Indications kept by the Registrar of
Following the examination of a patent application a patent
may be granted or refused. After a patent is granted, the patent owner
has the right to exclude others from making, using and or selling an invention.