You can now do a preliminary search of patent bibliographical information
and view images for issued patents (1869 to date)
and applications made public in Canada since October 1989 via the CIPO website.
Canadian Patent Office Record (CPOR)
A journal published by the Patent Office.
That part of a patent that defines the boundaries of patent protection.
The right granted by the Commissioner of Patents to one or more parties to
produce a patented invention. These are granted, under certain circumstances,
as a measure against abuse of patent rights.
An arrangement which allows inventors interested in applying for a foreign
patent to have their filing date in one country recognized by other countries
that have signed an international agreement called the Paris Convention.
Provides protection for literary, artistic, dramatic or musical works
(including computer programs), and three other subject matter known as:
performance, sound recording, and communication signal.
The date a patent application is received by the Patent Office.
Filing a patent application
Presenting a formal application for a patent to the Patent Office.
First to file
A patent system in which the first inventor to file a patent application
for a specific invention is entitled to the patent. In Canada and in most other
countries, the first person to file has priority over other people claiming
rights for the same invention.
A government grant giving the right to exclude others from making, using or
selling an invention. A Canadian patent applies within Canada for 20 years
from the date of filing of a patent application. The patent application is
available to the public 18 months after filing.
Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
An international treaty providing for standardized filing procedures for
foreign patents in the countries that have signed the Treaty.
An official with technical expertise charged with the task of classifying a
patent or an application, or of determining whether a patent application
fulfils the requirements for a grant of patent.
Making, using or selling an invention on which a patent is in force without
the inventor's permission.
Canada's patent granting authority and disseminator of patent
Patent Office action
An official written communication by the Patent Office on the merits of an
A label sometimes attached to new products informing others that the
inventor has applied for a patent and that legal protection from infringement
(including retroactive rights) may be forthcoming.
A review of existing patents. Patent searches are conducted to determine
whether an applicant can claim rights to an invention, or whether a patent has
already been issued to someone else on the same or a similar invention. Patent
infringement searches are made to ascertain whether a product or process can be
produced without having to get permission or pay a royalty. Patent searches are
also used as a form of research to gain information on existing technology.
An explanation, in a patent application, of the most appropriate and useful
practical applications of an invention.
The body of existing patents or patent applications or any other
publication throughout the world, relevant to an application or a patent.
All the steps involved in following through on a patent application.
Small entities are defined as employing 50 or fewer employees and
universities — but does not include an entity that is controlled directly
or indirectly by an entity, other than a university, that employs more than
Part of the patent application. It includes a detailed description of the
invention, claims specifying the aspects of the invention for which protection
is sought, and the extent of the protection being sought.